How to Treat a Second-Degree Burn at Home

Wie man eine Verbrennung zweiten Grades zu Hause behandelt

A second-degree burn can be painful and distressing. For severe burns, seeking medical attention is essential. However, minor second-degree burns can be treated at home. In this guide, we provide step-by-step instructions on how to manage a second-degree burn, alleviate pain, and support the healing process.

Understanding Second-Degree Burns

A second-degree burn is a mild to moderate burn and is the most common type that can generally be treated at home. This type of burn primarily damages the epidermis (outer layer of skin) and the dermis (second layer of skin). As the name suggests, it is less severe than a third-degree burn.

You can identify a second-degree burn when:

  • The affected area appears deep red to dark brown.
  • Blisters are present.
  • The skin is shiny and moist.
  • You feel discomfort or pain.
  • Swelling occurs at the burned site.
  • Layers of skin peel off.

Second-degree burns can result from various causes, including:

  • Kitchen or grease fires
  • Hot objects
  • Ultraviolet rays (sunburn)
  • Scalding or boiling water
  • Contact with burning chemicals
  • Electrical shock

Treating a Second-Degree Burn at Home

Follow the instructions below to properly treat a second-degree burn at home.

  • Flush the Burn
  • Rinse the affected area with cool water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. The pain usually diminishes within 15 to 30 minutes. Cool water helps lower the skin temperature and prevents the burn from worsening. Alternatively, you can immerse the burn in a bowl of cool water or apply cool compresses. Avoid using cold or ice-cold water, as it may cause tissue damage. Also, remove any rings, earrings, or clothing that might become tight or obstructive if the skin swells.

  • Cleanse the Wound
  • Wash your hands before cleaning the wound. Avoid touching the burn with your hands or any dirty objects, as open blisters can easily become infected. Also, refrain from popping the blisters.

    Cleanse with clean water and mild soap. Some burnt skin may come off during cleansing. Gently pat the skin dry with a sterile cloth. Avoid spraying or applying creams to the burn, as this can trap heat.

  • Apply a Dressing
  • If the burn doesn't have open, burst blisters, you usually don't need a dressing. However, if the burn is dirty or easily irritated during daily activities, applying a dressing is advisable.

    If the burn has open, burst blisters, a dressing is essential to prevent infection. Gently wrap the burn with a loose dressing to avoid putting pressure on the affected area.

    Change the dressing at least once a day or when it becomes soiled. If the dressing sticks to the burn, soak it in warm water before removing. If possible, use a non-adherent dressing.

    Do not wrap a dressing tightly as this could cause swelling. Manage pain with over-the-counter pain relievers (such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen) or consult a doctor.


Knowing how to treat a second-degree burn at home is crucial for healing and preventing infections. However, taking proactive measures to reduce the risk of burns in the first place is equally important. Do not wait until it's too late; invest in high-quality fire safety products such as fire extinguishers, sprinkler systems, fire-resistant gloves, and a Lifestyle Fire Blanket from ASK THE FOX for your home's safety and well-being.